Eisenhower and his staff were to resolve four major issues for the D-Day invasion: where, when and how to launch and the need for a deception plan to ensure that the Germans would be surprised. This necessity hatched the plan for “Operation Fortitude.” It was a grand plan to fool Hitler into thinking the invasion would come somewhere other than Normandy.
When British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and President Franklin D. Roosevelt met with Josef Stalin in Tehran in November 1943, the Soviet leader expressed his anxiety and asked them who is going to command the D-Day invasion? When they replied that they had not yet chosen, he didn’t take them seriously. “If you don’t have a commander, you don’t have an invasion.”